Kidneys are vital organs that function to keep the blood clean and maintain chemical balance within. They process blood to extract waste products and extra water. These by products become urine to be ultimately excreted from the body. Your kidneys are bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fist. They are located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. The kidneys are sophisticated trash collectors. Every day, your kidneys process about 200 quarts of blood to sift out about 2 quarts of waste products and extra water. The waste and extra water become urine.
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With the decreasing of kidney function, patients will be suggested dialysis
to help them finish these functions. Dialysis treatment replaces the function of
the kidneys, which normally serve as the body's natural filtration system.
Through the use of a blood filter and a chemical solution known as dialysate,
the treatment removes waste products and excess fluids from the bloodstream,
while maintaining the proper chemical balance of the blood. There are two types
of dialysis treatment: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
Dialysis helps the body by performing the functions of failed kidneys. The
kidney has many roles. An essential job of the kidney is to regulate the body's
fluid balance. It does this by adjusting the amount of urine that is excreted on
a daily basis. On hot days, the body sweats more. Thus, less water needs to be
excreted through the kidneys. On cold days, the body sweats less. Thus, urine
output needs to be greater in order to maintain the proper balance within the
body. It is the kidney's job to regulate fluid balance by adjusting urine